Poor Readers: Problems and Promising News
Experts reveal that individuals with significant reading problems have basic deficiencies in storing and retrieving sounds (Vellutino and Scanlon, 1986). Leading investigators (Ackerman, Dykman, and Gardner, 1990; Jorm and Share, 1983; Sheperd and Uhry, 1993; Stanovich, 1985) further assert that the inability to store or retrieve phonological codes may actually cause reading disabilities. The good news is that students with these deficits make sizable gains when they are taught how to apply memory aids (Chan, 1991; Johnson, 1980). A key goal of programs such as SnapBack Phonics is to provide this kind of mnemonic instruction.
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